5 Hispanic scientists who made amazing contributions to science
We don’t think about it all the time, but the contributions of science have changed our lives. From new drugs to new technologies, science continues to shape our world. What we take for granted may once have been the life’s work of scientists who had to overcome the adversity of gender and race. But they persisted and contributed their ideas to the world. In honor of Hispanic Heritage Month, here are his five Hispanic scientists who have made amazing contributions to science.
1. Cesar Milstein
Born in Argentina in 1927, César Milstein’s parents encouraged him and his siblings to make education a priority. After graduating with his doctorate from the University of Buenos Aires, Milstein took a position at the National Institute of Microbiology in Buenos Aires in 1957. He completed his PhD at the University of Cambridge in 1960 and became a member of the Medical Research Council at the Institute of Molecular Biology in Cambridge, England.
Milstein’s main research area is antibody, and in 1984, together with George Koehler and Niels K. Järne, won the Nobel Prize for their contribution to the development of monoclonal antibodies. Monoclonal antibodies are useful for cloning and producing an almost unlimited number of antibodies of interest.they often used in Pregnancy tests, blood cell typing, detection of viral and bacterial diseases.
2. Ines Mexia
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Ines Enriqueta Giulietta Mexia She was a Mexican-American botanist born in 1870. She was 55 years old when she began her career as a botanist, but her contribution to botany is immeasurable. Mexía grew up in Washington DC and moved to Mexico to run her late father’s ranch. Her first husband died shortly after their marriage, and she filed for divorce after her second husband smashed the ranch to the ground. Mexia, who struggled with her mental health, moved to San Francisco for her treatment. While there, she worked as a social worker before joining her environmental movement.
She joined the Sierra Club and Save the Redwood League and traveled all over California. Her work with these organizations inspired her to pursue her botany, and she entered the University of California, Berkeley in 1921, at the age of 51. In 1925, she went on her first plant-collecting trip to Mexico, where she collected over 1500 species of plants. Mexia traveled the world as she was the first female Mexican-American botanist. Americas collected samples during her 13-year career. She was also the first botanist to collect samples in Denali National Park.
During her travels, she championed the rights of indigenous peoples and women, shaking up gender norms by traveling alone and sleeping outside.By the end of her career, Mexía had collected nearly 150,000 samplesthere is a new genus named after her, containing 50 species, which helped discover and classify over 500 plants.
3. Helen Rodriguez Trias
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Born in 1929 to immigrant parents, Trias faced adversity at an early age. Despite her fluency in English and her good grades, she was not allowed to enter the advanced classes of New York schools. Eventually, one of her teachers noticed her academic performance and sent her to advanced courses. This allowed Trias to make her way into medicine. She studied medicine in San Juan and after completing her residency (at the University Hospital of San Juan) she began teaching at the medical school.While in her San Juan, she started her first infant clinic in Puerto Rico, and three years later her infant mortality rate was 50 percent.
In 1970, Trias returned to New York as head of pediatrics at Lincoln Hospital in the South Bronx. There she ran into another problem. The hospital served primarily black and Hispanic patients. It also urgently needed repairs. Because of this, activist groups like the Young Lords took over hospitals and demanded better equipment and treatment for the people. Trias recognized how poverty and inequality lead to poor health. She brought this experience to her 1970s women’s health movement.
While white women have had to fight for access to safe abortion and contraception, women of color sometimes Sterilization practice. she was established The Commission to End the Abuse of Sterilization and the Commission against Abortion Rights and Fertility Abuse.she I found it The Women’s Caucus and the Hispanic Caucus of the American Public Health Association (APHA). In the 1980s, she worked at the AIDS Institute in New York City and became an advocate for HIV-infected women and children.And in 1993 she became her first Latina elected president of the American Public Health Association.
For her contributions to medicine and human welfare, she was awarded the Presidential Citizen’s Medal in 2001.
4. Sabrina Gonzalez Pastelski
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Sabrina Gonzalez Pastaski is a Cuban-American scientist born in 1993. Still less than 30 years old, she has many scientific accomplishments, including being the youngest person in the world to build and fly her own aircraft. In 2006, when she was 12, Pastelski kit aircraft, N5886Qand embarked on her maiden voyage in 2009 at the age of 16.
As an undergraduate at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Pastaski Compact muon solenoid (CMS) Experiment.The experiment was intended to look for something like Higgs using particle physics detectors Bosondark matter particles, and extra dimensions.
She wrote her thesis on electromagnetic memory in 2015 while working on her graduate degree from Harvard University. Stephen Hawking paper.
Pasterski is currently pursuing a postdoc at Princeton University.
5. Carlos Juan Finley
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Carlos Juan Finleywas a Cuban epidemiologist born in 1833 who studied yellow fever. A graduate of the Jefferson School of Medicine in Philadelphia, Finley was appointed by the Cuban government to study the causes of yellow fever with the North American Commission.He later represented Cuba at the International Hygiene Conference in Washington, D.C.
At the conference he presented his hypothesis that mosquitoes transferred yellow fever from infected people to healthy people. However, he was largely ignored and even ridiculed by the medical community for nearly two decades.But this didn’t stop him from trying prove his hypothesis.
1900, Walter Reed When a member of the U.S. Army Yellow Fever Task Force set foot in Cuba, Finlay tried to persuade him to look into mosquitoes as a possible transmission of the disease. Unconvinced at first, Reed investigates the possibility of yellow fever transmission through mosquitoes and concludes that Finlay was right. This discovery helped eradicate yellow fever in Panama and Cuba. Finley eventually became Chief Sanitary Officer in 1902, and after his death in 1915 the Institute for Tropical Medicine Research was established in his honor.