sexism; yoga, CBT, and insomnia.and asymptomatic epidemics
Sexist Science: Data Show Female Researchers Being Left Out
A new study, which looked at data from 2000 to 2019, found that women were given work credit much less frequently than men.
Publications and Patents: Compared to men, women are 13% more likely to be excluded from publications and 59% more likely to be excluded from patents.
No credit: Women are less likely to be recognized for their achievements in all scientific fields, including health, where women are the majority.
Institutional issues: Using survey responses and administrative records, researchers found that the problem was rooted in the attribution system. In general, the principal investigator decides who can be named in the paper and usually names other senior researchers. Most senior researchers are men.
“When people aren’t heard, they tend to leave, and that may be a contributing factor to the lack of diversity at higher levels,” said study author Dr. Julia Lane. says.
Yoga, CBT Offer Long-Term Improvement in Insomnia, Worries
A new study shows that both yoga and cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) improve worry, anxiety and insomnia in older adults.
The researchers used a two-stage, randomized preference trial that included participants who were 60 years of age or older and whose scores indicated increased anxiety and worry on the Penn State University Worry Questionnaire Brief Test.
Preliminary results: After 11 weeks, both groups showed improvements from baseline in all domains. Improvements in anxiety and worry were similar in the yoga and CBT groups, but CBT had higher improvements in insomnia.
Permanent results: The improvement continued 6 months after the end of treatment.
“Clinicians should be able to direct patients to potentially beneficial interventions, integrate outcomes longitudinally, and avoid fostering well-trained worry-cognitive loops with concerns related to potential side effects.” You can,” says Carmen Andreescu, M.D., University of Pittsburgh.
Asymptomatic infections cause many communicable diseases, including monkeypox, polio, and COVID
Studies show that asymptomatic infections continue to be a major contributor to epidemics.
COVID: Early pandemic data estimated that 40% to 60% of COVID infections spread asymptomatically. New variants of Omicron estimate these numbers to be even higher.
Polio: The first reported case of polio in the United States in nearly a decade has prompted investigations to confirm that the poliovirus has been found in wastewater in three counties in and around New York City. Up to 90% of infections go unrecognized because they have few or no symptoms.
Monkeypox: Since the first case in the United States on May 19, 2022, cases have increased rapidly. Over 18,000 cases have now been reported. Most infections are sexually transmitted, and many infected people are asymptomatic.
Recommendation: Experts suggest identifying asymptomatic carriers, increasing vaccine availability and uptake, and reducing global disparities in care.
Editor’s Note: Due to the Labor Day holiday, the three things you need to know today will be on hiatus until Wednesday, September 7th.
Kaitlin Edwards is a medical editor on staff based in New York City. You can follow her on her Twitter @kaitmedwards. Follow her Medscape on Facebook for more information. twitterInstagram, YouTube.